A Concise Timeline of the Gallipoli Campaign

     

1914


Jul 27

Enver Pasha and the German ambassador meet secretly to talk about a Turko-German alliance


Aug 2

The secret Turko-German alliance is signed


Aug 3

Churchill informs the Turkish authorities that the 2 warships they had ordered in England will not be released and are confiscated by the English


Aug 4

England declares war to Germany


Aug 10

The German warships Goeben and Breslau steam through the Dardanelles into the Marmara. The Dardanelles are closed for Allied ships


Oct 28-29

Three Turkish torpedo-ships with a German crew attack Odessa and the Goeben does the same at Sebastopol, a provocation to draw Turkey further into the war at Germany's side


Nov 3-4-5-6-7

Declarations of war arrive at Constantinople from Russia, England, France, Montenegro, Japan and Belgium


Nov 3

British ships bombard the forts of Seddulbahir and Kum Kale without causing any serious damage


Dec 13

Lieutenant Holbrook dives in his submarine under the minefields in the Straits and sinks the old Turkish battleship Messudieh


Dec 29

The disastrous battle of Sarikamish : of Enver's 100.000 strong army, only 18.000 survivors returned to Turkey


 

1915


Jan 2

Csar Nicholas of Russia appeals for an Allied demonstration to relieve pressure from the Russian front


Jan 3

British War Council discusses aid to Russia


Jan 8

During a meeting in London, admiral Carden informs Churchill that a naval attack might force the Straits with an appropriate strength in warships


Jan 13

War Council approves plan for Royal Navy forcing Dardanelles


Jan 28

The definitive plans for an attack on the Dardanelles are officially accepted


Jan 29

The Allied Fleet is assembled


Feb 3-4

Djemal Pasha attacks the Suez Canal after an advance through the desert, but is easily beaten back


Feb 9

The British War Council agrees to send troops to support the Naval operation


Feb 16

War Council decides to concentrate troops in vicinity of Dardanelles


Feb 19

British and French battleships under Carden bombard outer forts at Dardanelles


Feb 25

Further bombardments of Turkish forts


Feb 26

Battleships reach entrance of Narrows during bombardment Landing parties of Royal Marines destroy Turkish guns in forts


Mar 1

Four battleships enter Straits and bombard intermediate defences. Demolition parties land and destroy more guns. Four French battleships bombard Bulair Lines from Gulf of Saros


Mar 2

Dardanelles bombardment continues


Mar 3

Landing party in Helles area destroys gun battery


Mar 4

Australian 3rd Infantry Brigade arrives at Lemnos Island


Mar 4-5-6-7

Naval operations continue against Dardanelles defences


Mar 10-11

Naval bombardment at Bulair and Dardanelles


Mar 10

The British War Counsel decides to send the 29th Division to the East


Mar 11

General Sir Ian Hamilton is appointed as commander-in-chief for the operation


Mar 13

Hamilton receives final instructions from Kitchener


Mar 15

Minor Naval activity at Dardanelles


Mar 17

Hamilton arrives at Tenedos


Mar 18

Major naval attempt to force the Straits by 16 British and French battleships - 3 lost, 3 others put out of action.


Mar 19

Naval action not renewed. Telegram from Hamilton to Kitchener, stating that only combined naval and infantry action could be successful


Mar 22

Decision for a combined naval and infantry operation is taken


Apr 11

Hamilton's staff members arrive in Alexandria


Apr 13

Battleships Queen Elisabeth and Queen reconnoitre Gallipoli Peninsula coastline with Expeditionary Force commanders and staff.


Apr 25

Landings at Kum Kale by the French, at Anzac by the Australians and New Zealanders and at Helles by the English


Apr 26

Turkish counter attacks beaten off at Anzac


Apr 27

6 battalions of French troops arrive at Helles and occupy the right flank near the Kereviz Dere


Apr 28

First Battle of Krithia


Apr 29

Heavy Turkish attacks all along the Anzac line


April 30

Australian submarine sunk in sea of Marmara


May 1-2

Night attack by 21 Turkish battalions at Helles breaks into French and British positions and is only stopped with great difficulty


May 4

Australian raid on Gaba Tepe is beaten off


May 5-6

Australian 2nd Brigade and N.Z. Infantry Brigade leave for Helles


May 6-8

Second Battle of Krithia, involving combined French, British and Imperial Forces


May 10

Unsuccessful attack by Australians at the head of Monash Valley


May 14

H.M.S. Goliath sunk at mouth of the Straits


May 15

General Bridges mortally wounded


May 19

Turkish attack at Anzac is beaten off. 10.000 casualties


May 20

Turks first ask for an armistice


May 24

Armistice to bury the dead


May 25

H.M.S. Triumph torpedoed off Gaba Tepe


May 28

Late at night, Turks fire mine in front of Quinn's Post


May 29

Attack on Quinn's Post in which Major Quinn is killed


May 31

Turkish blockhouse blown up in front of Quinn's by two sappers


June 4

3rd Battle of Krithia : slight advance made in the Helles sector at heavy cost (All. 6500 / Tur. 9000). Night raid by Canterbury Infantry from Quinn's Post at night


June 5

New sortie against German Officers' Trench in front of Courtney's Post


June 7-8

Night sortie from Quinn's Post


June 8

First monitor appears off Anzac


June 21

French capture the Haricot Redoubt at Helles at heavy cost (All. 2500 / Tur. 6000)


June 28

Successful British attack on left flank at Helles (All. 3500 / Tur. unknown)


June 29-30

Last Turkish attack on Anzac fails


July 1-7

Secret treaty between Germany and Bulgaria signed


July 2

Strong but unsuccessful Turkish attack at Helles


July 4-5

Another Turkish attack at Helles beaten back with heavy casualties (All. neglectible / Tur. 16000)


July 10

Turks at Cape Helles ask for armistice to bury their dead, but the Allied Command refuses.


July 12

General Masnou, commander of 1st French Division at Helles, is mortally wounded


July 12-13

Allied attack at Helles over 1 mile front (All. 4000 / Tur. 10000)


July 31

Australians take Turkish trench opposite Tasmania Post


Aug 6-7

British attack at Cape Helles. Australians attack at Lone Pine, Quinn's Post and the Nek. Old No3 Post retaken, Table Top and Bauchop's Hill taken by the New Zealanders. Damakjelik Bair captured by the Left Covering Force.


Aug 7

9th British Corps lands at Suvla Bay before dawn. Rhododendron Spur taken by the New Zealanders


Aug 8

Wellington Battallion captures top of Chunk Bair. New army at Suvla remains inactive.


Aug 9

Gurkhas reach the saddle between Hill Q and Chunuk Bair. New Zealanders on Chunuk Bair relieved by New Army Troops.


Aug 10

New Army Troops driven off Chunuk Bair by Turkish counter attack. Unsuccessful British attack at Suvla


Aug 11

Stalemate at Suvla, caused by incompetence of commander Stopford


Aug 12

The 5th Norfolks disappear during a fruitless attack at Suvla and enter history as "the Vanished Battalion"


Aug 14

Telegram from Kitchener to Hamilton, with the proposal to recall Stopford


Aug 15

Unsuccessful British attack at Suvla along the Kiretch Tepe


Aug 20

Italy declares war on Turkey.


Aug 21

Battle of Scimitar Hill at Suvla and first attack on Hill 60 begin. As for troops engaged, the biggest action of the entire Gallipoli campaign.


Aug 27

Battle renewed for possession of Hill 60


Aug 28

New Zealanders hold and consolidate their position on Hill 60


Sep 2

"Southland" transport with 2nd Division troops torpedoed


Sep 20

Bulgarian treaty with Turkey announced


Sep 25

Allied offensive in France begins. Turkish-Bulgarian agreement


Sep 29

British and Indian troops enter Kut-el-Amara


Sep 30

10th (Irish) Division leaves Suvla for Salonika


Oct 3

2nd French Division leaves for Salonika


Oct 5

Allied troops land in Salonika


Oct 7

Britain offers Cyprus to Greece


Oct 8

First autumn storm causes damage to Allied harbours at Suvla and Anzac


Oct 9

Attack on Serbia and Belgrade captured by Austro-Germans


Oct 11

Lord Kitchener asks Ian Hamilton the estimated cost of evacuation. Hamilton thinks 50% casualties might be expected


Oct 12

Sir Ian Hamilton replies that evacuation is unthinkable


Oct 14

In the House of Lords, Lord Milner and Lord Ribblesdale urge evacuation of Gallipoli


Oct 15

Britain and Bulgaria at war.


Oct 16

Kitchener telegram recalling Sir Ian Hamilton


Oct 17

General Sir Ian Hamilton relinquishes command of Mediterranean Expeditionary Force


Oct 20

General Monro, in London, receives instructions to proceed to the Near East and take over command of the M.E.F.


Oct 27

General Sir Charles Monroe takes over command of Force


Oct 30

General Monro first visits the Peninsula


Nov 13

Lord Kitchener lands at Anzac, Churchill resigns from British Cabinet


Nov 24

Period of silence is ordered to last 72 hours


Nov 26

Major General Godley assumes command of Army Corps


Nov 27-28

Commencement of the Great Blizzard


Nov 30

End of the blizzard reveals that the Allied forces had lost 1/10th of their strength


Dec 3

General Townshend besieged at Kut-el-Amara


Dec 7

British Government orders evacuation


Dec 8

General Monro orders Birdwood to proceed with the evacuation of Anzac and Suvla


Dec 10-11

All sick, wounded, surplus troops, vehicles and valuable stores removed


Dec 12

Announcement at Anzac that a winter rest camp at Imbros will be formed. Surplus guns removed


Dec 15

Detailed orders for evacuation issued


Dec 16

All ranks warned of impending operations


Dec 19

Last night of Anzac and Suvla evacuation


Dec 20

Anzac and Suvla evacuation completed without casualties. Troops brought to Lemnos


Dec 21-30

Troops transferred to Egypt


 

1916


Jan 9

Helles evacuation completed.


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